Tag Archives: roulette history

Roulette History and Timeline

Roulette history can be fascinating. Although the origin of roulette is uncertain, the translation to English is the same in every recorded account. Roulette means little wheel in French although not many players think of what the casino term means when they play the game. For most casino goers, roulette is simply a game of chance. It is now a game of mystery because no one really knows how it came to be. There are only intelligent guesses.

Top Five Origins

1.    Blaise Pascal

He is by far the most common detail shared by many articles on roulette history. Blaise Pascal was a 16th century French mathematician and inventor. Many speculate that he invented the roulette wheel accidentally. His original goal was to create a perpetual motion wheel. Others claim that he discovered the wheel during a retreat in the monastery.

2.    French Dominicans

This supports the theory of Pascal learning from a monastery as French monks based the concept of roulette from Tibet. Instead of chips, the monks of Tibet used small animal statues arranged in a square. Tibetan monks also used a wheel and transferred the statues around it randomly.

3.    European Merchants

This is another origin theory where merchants from Europe learned the game from Asian traders traveling the Silk Road. Monasteries back then served as safe havens for travelers. French monks could have received knowledge of the game and added their own changes before passing it on.

4.    The Infamous Deal

Francois Blanc popularized roulette history when he founded the first casinos. He did not really discover the game, but his infamous deal with the devil made the game famous decades later. The reason this legend surfaced is that the sum of all of the numbers on the wheel equals the devil’s number. Some legends claim that Blanc struck the deal in order to attain success through roulette.


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5.    A Combination of Games

The origin of roulette is not complete without including the ancestors of the game, which are Roly Poly, Reiner, and Ace of Hearts. Roly Poly is the game that closely resembles roulette. The difference is that the wheel only had alternating even-odd pockets. Instead of numbers, you can bet on E or O marked pockets only. Roly Poly never made its appearance again, but it continues to live on through roulette.

Roulette Timeline

Roulette could date back to as early as 200 AD if the period of the origins connected together. The game took on a new form when Blaise Pascal discovered the wheel and during the 16th century. In the early 18th century, the game reaches America, but is not yet popular. Around 1842, Francois Blanc made it famous by way of supernatural deals and adding a zero. In the late part of the 18th century, biased wheels and systems emerged.

The 19th century introduced technology and devices to win roulette. Online roulette roughly started around 1995 after the legalization of online casinos. With the advent of online casinos, roulette grew more famous. On land or online, roulette will always have fame and mystery. With an interesting roulette history, casinos will continue to draw in more players in the future with this game.